Cold Regions

Cold Regions

This pilot has a focus on showcasing examples of products for selected areas in Cold Regions, combining remote sensing data, in situ data and model products from relevant European infrastructures and international frameworks. The products are made available through the NextGEOSS Data Hub, for users and stakeholders in the GEO community, polar research and education. An initial list of products includes:


Sea ice type and drift maps for the Fram Strait, based on Sentinel-1 SAR data


Sea ice concentration for the Arctic, based on satellite altimeter and passive microwave data


CMEMS product Arctic Ocean physics analysis and forecast product


Near-surface atmospheric aerosol properties (near-real-time) at Zeppelin station, Svalbard


Near-surface atmospheric aerosol properties (near-real-time) at Troll station, Queen Maud Land, Antarctica


CAMS aerosol optical depth forecast product. Additional products are defined in dialogue with stakeholders during the course of the project, in close collaboration and dialogue with users and stakeholders in the GEO community

Quick Facts


Selected areas in Cold Regions:

  1.  the Arctic/Svalbard region
  2.  Antarctica
  3. The Himalayan glaciers


Sea ice products from Sentinel and other satellites. Atmosphere products from observation networks such as WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and Global Cryosphere Watch (GGW). Sea ice products, including model forecasts, from Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS). Atmosphere products, including model forecasts, from Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS)


GEO Cold Regions coordinates global efforts to provide Earth Observation (EO) products and services to science, decision- and policy-makers with a vested interest in the cryosphere (in particular) and the environment (in general) of polar regions and mountain areas around the world. The NextGEOSS Cold Regions Pilot focuses on three areas: (1) the Arctic/Svalbard region, (2) Antarctica, and (3) the Himalayan glaciers, and addresses the existing shortage in accessing in situ data in GEOSS. The pilot liaise with ongoing initiatives such as SIOS, GEO-CRI, WMO GCW, as well as national programs in Antarctica


Results from the pilot feed into the GEO community, in particular to SIF (the Standards and Interoperability Forum), GEOSS development and operations tasks such as GD-02 GCI Operations, and the GI-11 Information Services for Cold Regions. Results also feed into education of PhD and young scientists, and will be used in capacity building material for other stakeholders


The products resulting from this pilot can be used to develop Information Services for the Cold Regions Initiative, using the NextGEOSS system and making use of existing interoperability standards. The focus of the pilot is on linking together satellite and in situ data from the targeted regions, including the atmospheric, marine, and terrestrial domains, and make them available in the NextGEOSS Data Hub and the Global Cold Regions Community Portal


Demonstration products will be available from the GCI