Food Security

Crop monitoring supporting food security

The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission plays an important role in crop monitoring. Thanks to the resolution of the satellite, we are able to derive important information on field level to support farmers, local governments, industry, … in their decision making processes.

The overall objective of this pilot activity is to demonstrate how NextGEOSS facilitates the use of Sentinel-2 data enabling crop monitoring and field management by supporting different workflows and services. The pilot will showcase how the resulting services can be combined to deliver relevant crop-related information to the different user groups without the need to download any data or expert tools. To achieve this, these following requirements are part of this pilot:


Integration and easy access of the Sentinel 2 derived vegetation indices through the NextGEOSS data hub


Integration of a solution to provide temporal dense profiles used for close monitoring of crops


A processing chain processing Sentinel-2 L1C data to vegetation indices towards crop information is demonstrated


A phenology processing service will be created to provide real-time crop data through the NextGEOSS cloud


Create a community portal that showcases how the different products and services can be used to deliver crop related information to users


Crop monitoring products are defined in collaboration with the industry and the GeoGLAM community


A data fusion prototype will be created to showcase the possibilities of combining Sentinel 1 and Sentinel 2 data to obtain full temporal profiles

Quick Facts


Pilot regions in Europe (Belgium) and Africa (Mali).


  • Sentinel 2
  • Sentinel 1
  • Meteo
    • Rainfall
    • Temperature


To support Food Security and in particular agriculture monitoring, this pilot demonstrates how the NextGEOSS platform can unlock the enormous potential of high-resolution data (e.g. Sentinel-2), where traditionally crop monitoring was done using mainly medium resolution data from various satellite missions and the vegetation parameters from Copernicus Global Land


This pilot addresses existing demands from the Agro industry, as well as insurance/re-insurance companies, as well from organizations as FAO, JRC, and others, who show a clear need for these tools. The pilot will be promoted inside GeoGLAM which can benefit significantly


The pilot aims to generate the following products and services:

  • High-resolution vegetation indices (fAPAR, fCOVER, LAI and NDVI) based on Sentinel – 2, generated on the NextGEOSS cloud platform. These products will be advertised and made available through the NextGEOSS data hub
  • Creation of a crop phenology web service that will provide relevant crop-based information based in any area of interest
  • Creation of a data fusion prototype generating fused products based on Sentinel 1 and Sentinel 2 data
  • Development of a community portal showcasing the above results, providing real-time crop information in the web browser

With the above achievements, we create more easy access to high-resolution crop-related information by exposing data through several types of web services (OpenSearch, WMS, WMTS, TimeSeries Service, Crop Phenology Service). This relieves the users from downloading and processing the data and will support them into getting relevant insights more quickly and translate these insights to actions taken on the field


  • The high-resolution vegetation indices will be advertised on the NextGEOSS data hub
  • The pilot page will contain a reference to the following services used or created within the project
    • Time Series Service
    • Crop Phenology Service